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Dictionary for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

By Dr. Grove Higgins


Acne: A skin condition that occurs when hair follicles plug with oil and dead skin cells, often associated with hormonal changes.


Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods.


Androgenic Alopecia: A type of hair loss that occurs due to high levels of androgens; in women, this usually presents as hair thinning.


Comprehensive Patient History: An in-depth record of a patient's background, including medical history, family history, and lifestyle, to help doctors understand and diagnose health conditions.


Differential Diagnosis: The process of distinguishing one medical condition from others that present with similar symptoms.


Diagnostic Criteria: The standard set of signs, symptoms, and test results that doctors use to determine if a person has a particular medical condition.


Epidemiology: The study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why.


Healthcare Providers: Professionals who provide preventative, curative, promotional, or rehabilitative healthcare services to individuals, families, or communities.


Hyperandrogenism: A medical condition characterized by high levels of androgens (male hormones) in females.


Hyperinsulinism/Hyperinsulinemia: A condition in which excessive levels of insulin are circulating in the blood relative to the glucose level.


Hirsutism: Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, and back in women, often due to increased androgens.


Infertility: Not being able to get pregnant after a year of trying (or six months if a woman is 35 or older).


Lifestyle Modifications: Changes in personal behaviors, habits, or living conditions (like diet and exercise) to improve health outcomes.


Menstrual Cycle Tracking Apps: Digital applications allow women to record and track their menstrual cycle, helping them understand their patterns and irregularities.


Menstrual Irregularities: Any of several abnormal conditions characterized by some abnormality in the length of the menstrual cycle, the amount of bleeding, or the duration of menstruation.


Metabolic Syndrome: A cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.


Misdiagnosis: An incorrect, partial, or delayed diagnosis, which can lead to inappropriate or delayed treatment.


Molecular Genetics: The field of biology that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level.


Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent menstrual periods (fewer than six to eight periods per year).


Oral Contraceptives: Medications taken by mouth for the purpose of birth control.


Pathophysiology: The study of how disease or injury affects bodily functions.


Patient Education: The process by which health professionals and others impart information to patients and their caregivers that will alter their health behaviors or improve their health status.


Pharmacological Interventions: The use of medication as treatment for a certain condition or disease.


Polycystic Ovaries: Ovaries that are larger than normal and contain many small cysts (fluid-filled sacs).


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age, characterized by prolonged or infrequent menstrual periods and excess androgen (male hormone) levels.


Reproductive Plans: Individual or couple's intentions or goals regarding having children.


Rotterdam Criteria: Diagnostic criteria for PCOS that require the presence of at least two of the following three features: (1) irregular or absent ovulation, (2) clinical or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism, and (3) polycystic ovaries.


Subclinical Symptoms: Signs of a condition or disease that are not severe enough to present definite or readily observable symptoms.


Our Favorite Tools To Help Fight Metabolic Syndrome and PCOS


PCOS (Part 2)" by Mikael Häggström, M.D. - File:PCOS (Part 2).png. (CC0 1.0) via Wikimedia Commons.
PCOS (Part 2)" by Mikael Häggström, M.D. - File:PCOS (Part 2).png. (CC0 1.0) via Wikimedia Commons.

PCOS (Part 2)" by Mikael Häggström, M.D. - File:PCOS (Part 2).png. (CC0 1.0) via Wikimedia Commons.


Dictionary for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

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